Tools and resources

We work closely with stakeholders to develop a range of evidence-based tools and resources to inform policy and practice. We greatly appreciate feedback about how you are using them and how we can improve their relevance and impact. 


CARDAT Platform

The Clean Air and health Research Data and Analysis Technology (CARDAT) is the Centre’s online data sharing and analysis platform.

It is an online research platform that collates a wide array of population, health and environmental datasets with a collection of analysis tools and methodology resources. This IT infrastructure enables easy data sharing, reuse, and reproducible data analysis.

Data visualisation image

Resource Library

The Centre for Safe Air and Asthma Australia welcome the opportunity to provide a submission to the inquiry into the transition to electric vehicles by the House of Representatives Standing Committee on Climate Change, Energy, Environment and Water (the Committee). Our joint submission addresses the Terms of Reference (TOR) most relevant to our shared interest in improving population health outcomes associated with airborne hazards. We note that the TOR did not explicitly include the health or wellbeing impacts of transitioning away from internal combustion engine vehicles. We urge the Committee to actively seek input from health stakeholders to ensure the full range of impacts, including benefits to health and wellbeing, are considered in the Committee’s inquiry and report.
Summary of recommendations 1. Health stakeholders should be invited to comment on the efficacy of Australia’s waste and recycling policies, especially in relation to air quality and health impacts of emissions from waste-to-energy (WtE) processes. 2. A full assessment of the environmental impacts life cycle assessments (LCAs) of WtE plants should be considered on a case-by-case basis to evaluate the risks and benefits of pollutant emissions and less obvious potential impacts on the local and wider community, within the life cycle of WtE and alternative/traditional processes. 3. The establishment of a nationally consistent best-practice approach to monitoring and minimising harmful emissions from WtE processes. 4. National consistency is required to consider health benefits/disbenefits for any new biofuel product including adequate health and toxicity consideration. 5. Consideration be given to the safe recycling and reuse of end-of-life components from low-no carbon technologies such as batteries, PVC panels and wind turbine components.
Smoke stack in clouds.
Climate change
Summary of key recommendations: 1. The increasing risks posed by air pollution should be explicitly included in The National Adaptation Plan Issues Paper. 2. The National Adaptation Plan needs to take an equity-oriented approach to adapting to the impacts and disruption caused by climate change and worsening air pollution. 3. The National Adaptation Plan Issues Paper should include air quality as a crosssystem risk impacting a range of health, environment and economic systems. 4. Given the cross-system risks presented by air pollution, we advocate for a dedicated, comprehensive, inter-agency governance body for air pollution, such as exist for food and water safety. 5. We support the inclusion of co-benefits as a consideration in ‘Prioritising adaptation actions’ in The National Adaptation Plan Issues Paper. 6. The National Adaptation Plan Issues Paper should include communication, education and engagement under 3.3 Enablers of adaptation action.
Bushfire smoke, Webinar
The risks posed by bushfires and air quality are both predicted to worsen as a consequence of a rapidly warming climate. In this webinar, we heard from leading experts regarding hazard reduction strategies that balance bushfire, smoke pollution and health risks. This webinar featured leading experts including: Owen Price, Associate Professor at the University of Wollongong, Centre for Safe Air Chief Investigator, and Director of the Centre for Environmental Risk Management of Bushfires and the Bushfire Risk Management Research Hub Laurence McCoy, Superintendent and Manager of Predictive Services, NSW Rural Fire Service Merched Azzi, Atmospheric Research Scientist at the NSW Department of Climate Change, Energy, the Environment and Water The discussion and a Q&A was facilitated by Dr Sabrina Idrose, Centre for Safe Air postdoctoral research fellow and webinar coordinator.
The data visualisation tool shows maps of estimated wood heater pollution-related health impacts across Australia from a 2024 study. Using this tool you can explore the estimates by State/Territory, by Greater Capital City Statistical Area, or by Statistical Area Level 4. The tool also enables you to select what estimates to display: wood heater emissions (WHE) (kg/year), population-weighted WHE-fine particulate matter (PM2.5) concentrations, the number of earlier than expected deaths, or deaths per 100,000 people.
Air pollution is the single greatest environmental cause of preventable disease and premature death in the world today. It ranks alongside unhealthy diets, inadequate physical activity, and tobacco smoking, as a major global risk factor for mortality. Globally, air pollution is responsible for approximately 7 million premature deaths each year. In Australia annual mortality is conservatively estimated to be more than 3,200 with a cost greater than AUD $6.2 billion from years of life lost. However, the full health and social impacts are much more extensive. This report explains why the effects of air pollution are so far reaching and, equally, why coordinated action to make air safer is one of the best investments in Australian health.
The devastating health impacts of exposure to dust from engineered stone are now well recognised with a ban on engineered stone introduced in late 2023. However, with new research finding lung damaging elements in even low-silica and silica-free products, this may not be the end of the story. In this free public webinar Professor Graeme Zosky (Menzies Institute for Medical Research, Centre for Safe Air) and Sharna Mathieu (The Lung Foundation) discuss the complex issues that surround occupational exposure to dust from stone products. The discussion facilitated by Dr Nur Sabrina Idrose (University of Melbourne, Centre for Safe Air).
Submission, Uncategorized
The Centre for Safe Air advocates for a stringent FES emissions reduction strategy to confer the greatest health benefits for Australians. The Consultation Impact Analysis found that the health benefits of cleaner air associated with Option C ($6.75 billion) are nearly 20% greater than Option B ($5.53 billion). Even subtracting the predicted costs, Option C provides the greatest aggregate benefit to Australians: $18.44 billion more than Option B.
Webinar flyer, image of Fay Johnston
Bushfire smoke, Climate change
As Australians, we think about landscape fires primarily in terms of bushfire disasters. But this is only part of the picture. In this webinar Fay Johnston, Director of the Centre for Safe Air and Professor at the Menzies Institute for Medical Research, presented a lecture titled: Climate change, landscape fires, and human health: understanding fire phenotypes. A newly published global synthesis led by Professor Johnston describes seven ‘phenotypes’ of landscape fire around the world, each with distinct patterns in their health and environmental impacts. In this talk, Professor Johnston explains how a more nuanced model of landscape fire can help us to design interventions at individual, community, and regional levels to maximise the benefits and minimise the harms associated with fire in the landscape. Dr Amanda Wheeler chaired the session and moderated an open discussion on the subject.
COVID-19, Indoor air quality
COVID-19, like other respiratory viral infections, is primarily transmitted in small airborne particles that carry the virus and are emitted during all human activities related to respiration (1). Particles are emitted during speech, coughing, sneezing, exercise or also quiet breathing. The particles are small enough to remain airborne for prolonged periods, especially in poorly ventilated indoor environments, and be transmitted long distances. Hence, the presence of one or more people with COVID-19 in an indoor environment places all persons who share the air in that indoor space at risk of infection. Airborne transmission is the main mechanism of transmission of COVID-19, including ‘super spreader’ events (1,2). Despite confusing and sometimes misleading public health messages (3), preventive measures to mitigate the airborne transmission of COVID-19 became an important and effective part of the public health response to COVID. These measures included mask mandates, restrictions on indoor gathering, requirements for enhanced ventilation for indoor settings, and air filtration in health care facilities, schools, aged care facilities and other high risk indoor environments. However, these were essentially emergency measures. The most effective interventions to reduce the severity and cost of future pandemics involve continuously improving indoor air quality (IAQ) for all Australians, with co-benefits for reducing the health and economic burden of indoor air pollution more generally.


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